Spanish American War

Formation of the Army and Navy Nurse Corp

Army Nurse Corps: Anita Newcomb McGee, Acting Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army  , In September of 1899 Dr. McGee  presented a paper addressing her work with the Daughters of the American Revolution in the formation of the Army Nurse Corp. The following are excerpts from her paper:
“Dr. McGee suggested to the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (of which she was a Vice President General) that that organization should act as an examining board for women nurses for the Government.  The Surgeon Generals of both Army and Navy promptly accepted this offer of the "Daughters,"  and in April the "D.A.R. Hospital Corps" was organized, with the writer as-Director.”Read More

Anita Newcomb McGee, MD

For the history of Nurses and Nursing in the Civil War Visit the Civil War Page

Anna Maxwell and New York Nurses


Nurses in the Military

Nurses in the Military

Formation of  the Army Nurse Corp and the  Navy Nurse Corp

                                                          Early History of Nursing in the U. S. Military
In the summer of 1775, Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates of the Continental Army reported to Commander-in-Chief George Washington that, “the sick suffered much for want of good female Nurses.” Gen. Washington asked for help from Congress, which approved one nurse for every ten patients in Continental hospitals.   According to Roberts,   ‘The history of military nursing goes back to the war for independence  when General Washington asked for funds to employ nurses in a ratio of one nurse to every ten patients. Feminine members of the families of soldiers were employed to care for the sick, to prepare their food, and to perform housekeeping duties. These, the first women employed by the military, received $2 a month with room and board.’ Read More

Nurses Dormitory at Sternberg Hospital

Early History - Nursing in the Military

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Military Nursing:  Beginnings...

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Graduate Nurses in the Spanish – American War

As a result of their work in the Civil War, religious sisters were recognized for providing skilled nursing services. In view of the urgent need for medical assistance in the summer of 1898, it was no surprise when the government called for every nursing sister who could be spared. Official government records indicated that the various orders furnished around 250 sister nurses, with the Daughters of Charity (originally referred to in the United States as Sisters of Charity), providing the majority of nurses. Although members of other orders were represented, their numbers were considerably less.  Read more